What is Neuroscience

Neuroscience is a combination of sciences and disciplines that study the human brain, humans’ cognitive potential and its influence on behavior. It unifies a huge number of spheres, including neurology, psychology, psychiatrics, anatomy, neuropsychology, neuroanatomy, etc. Cognition is an extremely complex process, which is far from studied completely, as it involves the brain and every tiniest part of the human body.

As neuroscientists use computer technology to study the brain and its role in our mental and physical activity, the science has to be closely related to many other disciplines, such as computer science, mathematics, linguistics, medicine, biology, chemistry, engineering, etc.

The ancient Greeks were among those who pioneered in the study of the human brain. Aristotle believed that the brain was a blood-cooling organ. In the 1800s, Pierre Paul Broca (France) concluded that the work of different parts of the body was governed by specific areas of the brain. The work continued in the revolutionary 19th century through the 20th and up until nowadays, as scientists measured the speed of electrical impulses generated by nerve cells (von Hemholtz, Germany), visualized neurons with the use of silver chromate (Camillo Golgi, Italy), categorized brain neurons (Golgi and Cajal, 1906 Nobel laureates), etc.

Neuroscience creates a basis for the development of new approaches to treatment of conditions like stroke, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, etc. Its importance goes hand in hand with the growing occurrence of these diseases, as they have affected more than 1 billion people worldwide by now. There are several branches of the neuroscience, each studying a particular aspect of the brain cells’ work. These include, to name a few:

  • Behavioral
  • Affective
  • Cognitive
  • Computational
  • Clinical
  • Cultural
  • Developmental

Each branch refers to a particular scope of phenomena and functions. For example, behavioral neuroscience focuses on processes taking place in the brain, which affect human behavior. Cultural neuroscience studies relationships between the brain’s work and cultural factors. Also, there are fields, which use advanced hi-tech tools to study brain cells’ work, such as neuroengineering, neuroimaging, and neuroinformatics.

Other Useful Neuroscience Resourses:

Popular Recent Neuroscience News

Time Perception

Time perception has long been a head-scratcher for scientists, and so far there is no universal theory on that. The human brain is not apt to divide time into precise unites (seconds, minutes, hours) in a clock-like fashion. [Read more]

Empathy and Music

A recent neurology study has revealed a relationship between human empathy and perception of music. Not unlikely, this can make it possible to tell a person’s ability to sympathize with others by the kind of music he or she prefers. [Read more]

Intuition and Insight

When we address tacit knowledge, intuition and insight come to the foreground. Sharing one common neuronal and cognitive basis, these two have a lot of differences. [Read more]

Sadness and Attention

It has been observed a long time ago that emotional state does affect attention and cognition. There is a direct relationship between the intensity of an emotion and attention. [Read more]